Here in beautiful California, we have some of the best weather for planting gardens. Whether you are working out your planting schedule or just enjoying the gardens sprouting up around you, there are some cautions every pet owner should take to protect their pets from common garden hazards.
#1 Beware of Harmful Products
One of the top gardening dangers for your pet is chemicals or poisons you might use to help your garden. Depending on the product, it can be very harmful and potentially fatal if your pet swallows it.
Fertilizers can contain toxic additives to pets, causing vomiting, diarrhea, and collapse if eaten in large quantities. Safer pet-friendly fertilizer is available, but you should still always store it out of paw’s reach because it still is not healthy to eat.
Organic fertilizers sound safe. But surprisingly, many of them are more dangerous. Organic or “natural” fertilizers often contain various “meal” leftovers from the farming or meat industries. These products, such as bone meal, are attractive to dogs but unhealthy for their digestive systems.
Fertilizers can also contain herbicides, pesticides, insecticides, and snail bait which will discuss further in this article.
- Used correctly, manure provides cheap, effective, and nearly odorless fertilizer once it has composted for several months. If you don’t have time to compost manure, you can purchase commercial manures. If you are still concerned about smells, rabbit manure is a great fertilizer that doesn’t smell and can be commercially purchased if you don’t have your own source.
- Compost is another great, natural fertilizer.
There are numerous types of weed killer products, and many of them can cause dehydration, bloody vomiting, breathing and heart issues, mouth ulcers, and kidney or liver failure if your pet ingests them.
If you can, you should avoid using any weed-killing products at all, but at a minimum, you should try to eliminate the contact your pets have with any. A six-year scientific study conducted by Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine found that lawn chemicals increased a dog’s chance of developing cancer by up to 70 percent.
- While none of us like the extra work, the safest route is to pull the weeds.
- You can also find recipes on-line for mixing up your own weed killer using vinegar and a small amount of dish soap. You will still need to use caution and keep your pets away from the area until the mixture dries.
Slug or Snail Pellets
Slug pellets are sprinkled around growing plants to protect them from pest damage. Slug pellets use an organic compound called metaldehyde, which is highly poisonous to pets. Additionally, many of the products are flavored with bran and molasses to attract snails and slugs, but these products also attract household pets.
The first symptom of ingestion in a pet is vomiting, followed by neurological signs such as anxiety, abnormal walking, and tremors. If your pet shows signs of vomiting within an hour of being in a garden or yard, treat it as an emergency and get them to your vet or emergency vet if your vet is unavailable. The severity of the poisoning and the outcome worsen as time passes.
- Surround your plants with a layer of broken shells, diatomaceous earth, lava rock, or another “rough” material. These rough surfaces will deter slugs and snails
- Plant lavender, rosemary, or mint in your garden. These deter slugs and snails due to their smell.
- Trap them. They like moist places and hide and lay their eggs in the same place. You can put out rolled-up moistened newspaper or damp boards. Once they gather in or under them, you can throw out the paper or scrape off the board.
Cocoa mulch, also known as cocoa bean mulch, is a popular mulch. It has an attractive rich, brown color, pleasant aroma, and excellent nutritional benefits for the soil. Sadly, it is toxic to pets. It contains cocoa bean shells and various chemicals that can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, rapid heart rate, muscle tremors, weakness, seizures, or death when eaten by pets.
- Stone and rock mulch is the safest for pets.
- Some bark mulches are safe for pets such as Crabapple, dogwood, Douglas fir. Before purchasing a mulch for your garden, check if the mulch is safe for your pet.
#2. Toxic Plants
Another gardening danger to be aware of is toxic plants. While many plants may be gorgeous additions to your garden, quite a few can be dangerous, if not lethal, to our four-legged friends. Here are some of the more common toxic plants:
Lilies are the plant of most concern for cat owners. If a cat ingests any part of a lily or even licks lily pollen from its fur, it could cause severe damage to its kidneys and potentially death.
Tulips, Hyacinths, and Irises can all threaten your pet’s health. All three are toxic to cats and dogs and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and drooling if ingested. While all parts of the plants are poisonous, the bulbs are especially concentrated and, therefore, the most harmful part.
Daffodils can most commonly cause vomiting, diarrhea, and drooling when a pet eats even a tiny amount of the plant. If a pet eats many daffodil bulbs, more severe signs such as low blood pressure and seizures in dogs and cats can occur.
Sago Palms All parts of Sago Palms are poisonous, but the seeds (nuts) are the most toxic to pets, and they are more likely to eat them than the fronds. Ingestion of even a tiny amount of the plant can cause severe effects and even death. The toxic compounds in the plant can cause very severe gastrointestinal upset, affect the nervous system, or damage the liver. If symptoms of Sago Palm ingestion are not treated, death may occur due to blood loss and shock.
Oleanders are a popular garden plant due to their beauty and tolerance to poor soil and drought resistance. Unfortunately, they are very toxic to most animals, particularly dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, and even in large amounts, chickens. While most pets will not eat large quantities because of the plant’s bitter and unpleasant taste, even just a leaf or blossom or two can lead to severe symptoms and even death.
Play It Safe!
Before you plant any seeds or plants, make sure they are not poisonous to your pet. And do your homework. Don’t count on employees at nurseries are being familiar with whether certain plants are toxic to animals. You are safest to check out a plant yourself. If you are not sure if a plant is poisonous to your pet, search the internet by just typing in: “Is (name of plant) toxic to (name of animal) to find out. Here are also some links you may find helpful:
#3. Gardening Equipment
The last gardening danger that we will discuss is the various gardening equipment you might use.
It’s worth remembering that standard garden tools, including lawnmowers, trimmers, and chainsaws, are hazardous and should never be used around pets. The loud noises that garden machinery creates can cause stress in many pets, particularly cats.
If you use one of these tools, ensure that your pet(s) are safely inside with the door closed to protect them from noise or possible injury.
We are firm believers that education and prevention are some of the best ways to keep your pet in perfect health. Knowing what is safe and what is not as far as gardening goes is important if you have your own garden or just enjoy many of the beautiful public gardens here in Santa Clarita and Valencia.
Jaimie Ronchetto, DVM
Cinema Veterinary Centre